Child Labor: A Review: Policy Research Working Papers
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Child Labor in the Philippines - Research Paper by Jadediamond
The following research paper analyzed four solutions to the problem of child labor proposed by child labor researchers and advocates. The four main solutions discussed in the paper are improving the access and quality of education, providing cash incentives to parents to send their children to school, imposing trade sanctions and consumer boycotts on goods produced by child labor, and creating stricter laws for child labor in developing countries. This research paper argued that the most practical solution for Sri Lanka is improving the accessibility and quality of education in rural areas and providing cash incentives directly to poor families in order to send their children to school. The solution of developed countries imposing trade sanctions and consumer boycotts will have a negative effect on the country’s economy which is recovering after the end of the civil war. Additionally, Sri Lanka already has strict laws protecting children; however, there is lack of enforcement and ineffective monitoring system of child labor laws in the country (ILO, 2007). According to Transparency International Sri Lanka (2014), the GCB for 2013 showed that 64% of surveyed citizens in Sri Lanka felt that the police was corrupt/extremely corrupt, which does not bode well for apprehending violators of child labor laws in the country. As a result, the Sri Lankan government, policymakers, INGOs, private sector, and the community must work collaboratively to ensure that children do not drop out of school and receive a quality education. According to Bourdillon et al., (2010), citizens of countries must “Exercise pressure on governments, local authorities, and other responsible bodies to get serious about good education” (p.211). It’s the responsibility of all stakeholders to ensure that children in Sri Lanka can live their childhood in a safe environment.
Poverty Alleviation And Child Labor: Policy Research Working Papers
The Sri Lankan government has adopted both the ILO “Convention on Minimum Age to Employment (set at age 15), 1973 (No.138) and Convention on the Worst Forms of Child Labor, 1999 (No.182).” The Sri Lankan government has set a goal of achieving “Zero Worst Forms of Child Labor in 2016.” The end of the civil war has enabled the government of Sri Lanka to focus on the country’s economic and social standing which includes the elimination of child labor (Ministry of Labor Relations, 2010, p.1). To achieve this goal by 2016 Sri Lanka needs a concrete solution and to ensure that children can live their childhood with dignity. Thus, the following research paper will evaluate the international perspectives on possible solutions for child labor and recommend the most practical solutions for the problem in Sri Lanka.
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